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Mainstream (MS)

Mainstream Qualifying Definitions:

Non-elderly person with disabilities (for purposes of determining eligibility for Mainstream) A person 18 years of age or older but less than 62 years of age, and who: 1. Has a disability, as defined in 42 U.S.C. 423; 2. Is determined, pursuant to HUD regulations, to have a physical, mental, or emotional impairment that: a. Is expected to be of long-continued and indefinite duration; b. Substantially impedes their ability to live independently, and c. Is of such a nature that the ability to live independently could be improved by more suitable housing conditions; or d. Has a developmental disability as defined in 42 U.S.C. 6001.


Institutional or other segregated settings include, but are not limited to: (1) congregate settings populated exclusively or primarily with individuals with disabilities; (2) congregate settings characterized by regimentation in daily activities, lack of privacy or autonomy, policies limiting visitors, or limits on individuals’ ability to engage freely in community activities and to manage their own activities of daily living; or (3) settings that provide for daytime activities primarily with other individuals with disabilities.


At Serious Risk of Institutionalization Includes an individual with a disability who as a result of a public entity’s failure to provide community services or its cut to such services will likely cause a decline in health, safety, or welfare that would lead to the individual’s eventual placement in an institution. This includes individuals experiencing lack of access to supportive services for independent living, long waiting lists for or lack of access to housing combined with community-based services, individuals currently living under poor housing conditions or homeless with barriers to geographic mobility, and/or currently living alone but requiring supportive services for independent living. A person cannot be considered at serious risk of institutionalization unless the person has a disability. An individual may be designated as at serious risk of institutionalization either by a health and human services agency, by a community-based organization, or by self-identifications.


Persons Currently Experiencing Homelessness

  1. An individual or family who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, 2. An individual or family who will imminently lose their primary nighttime residence, provided that: a. The primary nighttime residence will be lost within 14 days of the date of application for the homeless assistance; b. No subsequent residence has been identified; and c. The individual or family lacks the resources or support networks, e.g., family, friends, faith-based or other social networks, needed to obtain other permanent housing; 3. Unaccompanied youth under 25 years of age, or families with children and youth, who do not otherwise qualify as homeless under this definition, but who meet one of the additional requirements detailed in the HASA HCV Administrative Plan under this definition; 4. Any individual or family who: a. Is fleeing, or is attempting to flee, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, or other dangerous or life-threatening conditions that relate to violence against the individual or a family member, including a child, that has either taken place within the individual’s or family’s primary nighttime residence or has made the individual or family afraid to return to their primary nighttime residence; b. Has no other residence; and c. Lacks the resources or support networks, e.g., family, friends, and faith-based or other social networks, to obtain other permanent housing.


At Risk of Experiencing Homelessness An individual or family who: 1. Does not have sufficient resources or support networks, e.g., family, friends, faith-based or other social networks, immediately available to prevent them from moving to an emergency shelter or another place described in the “Homeless” definition; and 2. Meets one of the following conditions: a. Has moved because of economic reasons two or more times during the 60 days immediately preceding the application for homelessness prevention assistance; b. Is living in the home of another because of economic hardship; c. Has been notified in writing that their right to occupy their current housing or living situation will be terminated within 21 days of the date of application for assistance; d. Lives in a hotel or motel and the cost of the hotel or motel stay is not paid by charitable organizations or by federal, State, or local government programs for low-income individuals; e. Lives in a single-room occupancy or efficiency apartment unit in which there reside more than two persons, or lives in a larger housing unit in which there reside more than 1.5 people per room, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau; f. Is exiting a publicly funded institution, or system of care (such as a health-care facility, a mental health facility, foster care or other youth facility, or correction program or institution); or g. Otherwise lives in housing that has characteristics associated with instability and an increase risk of homelessness.